Internalized stigma among people living with HIV-AIDS. Lee, R. S., Kochman, A., & Sikkema, K. J. (2002). AIDS and Behavior, 6(4), 309-319.
Failing to address stigma limits the potential of people living with HIV to live full and productive lives and assert the rights to which they are entitled and hinders all prevention, treatment, and care efforts. Read article here.
Stigma in the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a review of the literature and recommendations for the way forward. Mahajan, A. P., Sayles, J. N., Patel, V. A., Remien, R. H., Ortiz, D., Szekeres, G., & Coates, T. J. (2008). AIDS (London, England), 22(Suppl 2), S67.
This paper reviews the scientific literature on HIV/AIDS related stigma to document the current state of research, identify gaps in the available evidence, and highlight promising strategies to address stigma. Read article here.
Social stigma concerns and HIV medication adherence. Rintamaki, L. S., Davis, T. C., Skripkauskas, S., Bennett, C. L., & Wolf, M. S. (2006). AIDS Patient Care & STDs, 20(5), 359-368.
The threat of social stigma may prevent people living with HIV from revealing their status to others and serve as a barrier to HIV treatment adherence. Clinical care directed to individuals living with HIV should therefore include considerations for patient sensitivity to social stigma. Read article here.
HIV/AIDS stigma: an impediment to public health. Valdiserri, R. O. (2002). American journal of public health, 92(3), 341.
Stigma is not new to public health, nor is it unique to HIV/AIDS, but undoubtedly, stigma needs to be recognized as a continuing impediment to HIV prevention and care programs. Read article here.
Trauma, mental health, distrust, and stigma among HIV-positive persons: implications for effective care. Whetten, K., Reif, S., Whetten, R., & Murphy-McMillan, L. K. (2008). Psychosomatic Medicine, 70(5), 531-538.
Individuals living with HIV often have complicated histories, including traumatic events, mental illness and stigma. As the medical community adapts to managing HIV as a chronic disease, understanding how these experiences affect adherence to treatment regimens, greater HIV risk behavior, and lower patient quality of life become critical to HIV care and prevention. Read article here.