Reducing Stigma & Discrimination

Stigma of mental illness and ways of diminishing it. Byrne, P. (2000). Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 6(1), 65-72.

The nature of stigma will change as the practices of discrimination are successfully challenged: the task is to identify prejudice in whatever context address it. Psychiatry must collaborate with other fields in identifying problems and effecting enduring solutions. Read article here.


Challenging the public stigma of mental illness: A meta-analysis of outcome studies. Corrigan, P. W., Morris, S. B., Michaels, P. J., Rafacz, J. D., & Rüsch, N. (2012). Psychiatric Services, 63(10), 963-973.

This article reports on a meta-analysis that examines the effects of anti-stigma approaches that includes protests and social activism, education of the public, and contact with persons with mental illness. Read article here.


Stop the stigma: Call mental illness a brain disease. Corrigan, P. W., & Watson, A. C. (2004). Schizophrenia Bulletin, 30(3), 477.

Authors propose challenging myths and stigma about mental illness by educating the public that mental illness is a brain disease. Read article here.


Challenging mental health-related stigma through social contact. London, J., & Evans-Lacko, S. E. (2010). The European Journal of Public Health, 20(2), 130-131.

Authors propose that the development of novel and innovative ways of incorporating social contact in the field of public mental health will make a significant impact towards decreasing stigma and discrimination against those with mental illness. Read article here.


Empirical studies of self-stigma reduction strategies: A critical review of the literature. Mittal, D., Sullivan, G., Chekuri, L., Allee, E., & Corrigan, P. W. (2012). Psychiatric Services, 63(10), 974-981.

This article provides a comprehensive review of published literature about strategies to reduce self-stigma among people with mental illness. Recommendations and implications for research also are discussed. Read article here.


The Carter Center Mental Health Program: Addressing the public health crisis in the field of mental health through policy change and stigma reduction. Palpant, R. G., Steimnitz, R., Bornemann, T. H., & Hawkins, K. (2006). Preventing chronic disease, 3(2).

This article focuses on increasing public knowledge, and decreasing the stigma, associated with mental illnesses through four strategic goals: reducing stigma and discrimination against people with mental illnesses; achieving equity of mental health care comparable with other health services; advancing early promotion, prevention, and early intervention services for children and their families; and increasing public awareness about mental illnesses and mental health issues. Read article here. 


Reduction of stigma in schools: An evaluation of the first three years. Payne, E., & Smith, M. (2010). Issues in Teacher Education, 19(2), 26.

This article asserts that educators need to gain a clear understanding of the ways in which LGBTQ youth experience their schools, they need new ways to “see” both their own interactions and the student interactions going on around them, and they need tools for change. Read article here.


In our own voice-family companion: Reducing self-stigma of family members of persons with serious mental illness. Perlick, D. A., Nelson, A. H., Mattias, K., Selzer, J., Kalvin, C., Wilber, C. H. & Corrigan, P. W. (2011). Psychiatric Services, 62(12), 1456-1462.

This article reports preliminary findings from a family peer-based intervention designed to reduce self-stigma among family members of people with serious mental illness. Read article here.


Dual psychological processes underlying public stigma and the implications for reducing stigma. Reeder, G. D., & Pryor, J. B. (2008). Mens sana monographs, 6(1), 175.

By increasing understanding of the causes of public stigma, the groundwork is laid for future interventions that will combat public stigma and disrupt the cycle of discrimination, poverty and illness. Read article here.


Disease and stigma: A review of literature. Pettit, M. L. (2008). Health Educator40(2), 70-76.

This review presents a review of literature pertaining to disease and stigma. Specifically, a definition, an historical overview, and research trends related to three public health perils: AIDS, mental illness, and obesity. Read article here.


Health-related stigma: Rethinking concepts and interventions. Weiss, M. G., Ramakrishna, J., & Somma, D. (2006). Psychology, Health & Medicine11(3), 277-287.

Stigma can be a hidden burden of illness, characterized by social disqualification of individuals and populations who are identified with particular health problems. Social disqualification can also target ethnicity, sexual preferences or socio-economic status, thereby limiting access to services and creating other social disadvantages that have adverse effects on health. Read article here.