Fast Facts: Gender

Image women income disparity

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, US Department of Labor


Legal Protection:

  • – Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 protects people from discrimination in the workplace based on their sex: conditions of employment, promotion, raises, other job opportunities.
    •  – The Bill was amended in 1978 to include discrimination based on pregnancy too, The Pregnancy Discrimination Act.
  • – The Equal Pay Act forbids paying someone less because of her or his gender.
  • – Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination, and the courts have protected employees under Title VII.
  • – States enforce the laws through their Equal Employment Opportunity Commissions


The Data

  • – In 2014 women earned, on average, 83% of what men earned. Their weekly average salary was $ 719. This varies by occupation[1].
  • – The Glass Ceiling: a term that represents an artificial barrier that prevents women from advancing their careers into management
  • – Girls and boys, and men and women, are targeted differently for how they dress in schools or business environments. Girls/women get in trouble for dressing too sexually, particularly if they are well developed. Boys and men are criticized for wearing pants low, and oftentimes described with a negative connotation as “urban” or even with a racist “ghetto.”



[1] Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Women’s earnings 83 percent of men’s, but vary by occupation on the Internet at (visited March 03, 2016).



Spotlight Calendar

Each month B Stigma-Free will spotlight a different area for attention. Blog articles, fact sheets and social media emphasis will call attention to the issue of stigma and the identified topic. Do you have suggestions for us to include? Tell us your ideas here.

Future Spotlight Topics:


February 2016 – Eating Disorders

March 2016 – Gender

April 2016 – Substance Abuse

May 2016 – Mental Illness

June 2016 – Older People

July 2016 – Facial Differences

August 2016 – Cancer

September 2016 – Albinism

October 2016 – Learning Disabilities