Research - Substance Abuse

Implicit Bias and Accountability Systems: What Must Organizations Do to Prevent Discrimination?

P.E. Tetlock, G. Mitchell (2009). Research in Organizational Behavior, 29: 3–38.

The authors explored various conflicting ways of reducing bias and discrimination, and concluded that to overcome the debates between methodologies, collaborations between adversaries on research designs with the potential to induce both sides to change their minds. Read article here.


Stigma among Individuals with Substance Use Disorders: Does it Predict Substance Use, and Does it Diminish with Treatment?

Kulesza, et al., Journal of Addictive Behavioral and Therapeutic Rehabilitation 2014, 3:1

There is a correlation between stigma and drug use post-treatment, so stigma has a detrimental effect on substance usage. Read article here.


The effectiveness of interventions for reducing stigma related to substance use disorders: a systematic review

Livingston, J. D., Milne, T., Fang, M. L., & Amari, E. (2012).  Addiction (Abingdon, England), 107(1), 39–50.

The authors reviewed research on ways to reduce stigma related to substance use. They found differing ways to reduce stigma that have promise:

  • – Self-stigma is best reduced through individual and group psychotherapy
  • – Stigma imparted by institutions can be overcome throgh education and training to healthcare professionals, police officers, etc.
  • – Reducing social stigma through storytelling positive stories can be effective

 Read article here.


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Violence and mental illness: an overview

Stuart, Heather (2003). World Psychiatry; 2(2): 121–124.

The researcher asked three questions about people who have a mental illness and violence: Are the mentally ill violent? Are they more likely to be victims of violence? Is the public at risk? The research findings demonstrate that having a mental illness is not a determinant of violence, but that the public exaggerate both propensity for violence and their risk. The research also shows that people who have a mental illness are more likely to be victims of violence.

The author also identifies risk factors related to substance abuse and violence, and advocates for early identification and treatment of substance abuse. Read article here.

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A method for the quantitative analysis of the layering of HIV-related stigma

Reidpath, DD, and Chan, KY (2005.) AIDS Care; 17(4): 425-432.

The authors explore ways of analyzing the intersectionality of multiple stigmas and their impact on HIV-related prevention and intervention programs. Read article here. 


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Embarrassment when illness strikes a close relative: A World Mental Health Survey Consortium multi-site study

Ahmedani, BK, Kubiak, SP, Kessler, RC et al. (2013.) Psychological Medicine; 43:10, 2191-2202.

Family members of people with alcohol, drug, or mental health conditions experience higher levels of embarrassment compared to family members of people with general medical conditions. This research suggests that interventions addressing stigma experienced by family members with alcohol, drug or mental health conditions may be needed to overcome obstacles for early intervention and treatment. Read abstract here. 

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The stigma of alcohol dependence compared with other mental disorders: a review of population studies.

Schomerus, G., Lucht, M., Holzinger, A., Matschinger, H., Carta, M. G., & Angermeyer, M. C. (2011). Alcohol and Alcoholism, 46(2), 105-112.

Alcoholism is a particularly severely stigmatized mental disorder. Cultural differences are likely, but under-researched. Possible reasons for the differences between the stigma of alcoholism and of other mental diseases and the consequences for targeted anti-stigma initiatives are explored. Read article here.


Stigma and treatment for alcohol disorders in the United States.

Keyes, K. M., Hatzenbuehler, M. L., McLaughlin, K. A., Link, B., Olfson, M., Grant, B. F., & Hasin, D. (2010). American journal of epidemiology, 172(12), 1364-1372.

A link between highly stigmatized views of alcoholism and a lack of services suggests that stigma reduction should be integrated into public health efforts to promote alcohol treatment. Read article here.


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