Research - Depression

The Dyslexia Experience: Difference, Disclosure, Labelling, Discrimination and Stigma

Alexander-Passe, Neil ( 2015). Asia Pacic Journal of Developmental Dierences2, 2: 202 233. DOI: 10.3850/S2345734115000290.

This article explores a research study of 22 adults with dyslexia, and found that most perceived stigma and discrimination and experienced depression as a result. These findings were not correlated with whether the participants felt their dyslexia was a positive or not. Read article here.

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Do we overdramatize family physician burnout? YES

Kay, Margaret (2012). Canadian Family Physician58(7).

The author bases an argument on the premise that family physicians do experience burnout. What she asserts is that it is overdramatized with associations of depression and suicide, and that this further stigmatizes these conditions, as well as (by association), stigmatizes burnout. She points out that research has shown that burnout is more associated with situational or organizational factors, rather than individual ones. Read article here.

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A comparison of stigma toward eating disorders versus depression

Roehrig, JP, and McLean, CP. (2010). International Journal of Eating Disorders, 43, 7: 671–674. 

The researchers had participants compare three vignettes about anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and depression. They found that the stigma was greater to people with eating disorders compared to depression. Read abstract here.

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Association of perceived stigma and mood and anxiety disorders: results from the World Mental Health Surveys

Alonso J, Buron A, Bruffaerts R, et al. (2008.) Acta Psychiatrica Scandanavica; 118(4): 305–314.

This grand-scale, international study surveyed 80,737 adults residing in 16 countries and found that perceived stigma is frequent and strongly associated with mental disorders worldwide – more so than with other chronic physical conditions. The stigma is greater among people living in developing countries, compared to those in developed countries. Efforts to alleviate stigma among individuals with co-morbid depression and anxiety are needed. Read article here.

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Stigma shrinks my bubble: A qualitative study of understandings and experiences of stigma and bipolar disorder.

Suto, M. (2012). Stigma Research and Action, 2(2).
This qualitative study contributes to the stigma and bipolar disorder literature focused on understanding structural, social, and self-stigma experiences from the perspectives of individuals living with bipolar disorder and their family members. Read article here.

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Perceived stigma as a predictor of treatment discontinuation in young and older outpatients with depression.

Sirey, J. A., Bruce, M. L., Alexopoulos, G. S., Perlick, D. A., Raue, P., Friedman, S. J. & Meyers, B. S. (2001). American Journal of Psychiatry, 158(3), 479-481.
An examination of the extent to which perceived stigma affected treatment discontinuation in young and older adults with major depression. Read article here.

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Stigma as a barrier to recovery: adverse effects of perceived stigma on social adaptation of persons diagnosed with bipolar affective disorder.

Perlick, D. A., Rosenheck, R. A., Clarkin, J. F., Sirey, J. A., Salahi, J., Struening, E. L. & Link, B. G. (2001). Psychiatric Services, 52(12), 1627-1632.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of concerns about stigma on social adaptation among persons with a diagnosis of bipolar affective disorder. Read article here.

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Examining differences in the stigma of depression and schizophrenia.

Norman, R. M., Windell, D., & Manchanda, R. (2012). International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 58(1), 69-78.
Schizophrenia is stigmatized far more than depression, but there has been little investigation into the reasons why. Social appropriateness, danger and prognosis, which have implications for likely costs and benefits of interaction, seem to influence social response to the disorders more than beliefs concerning causation or continuity with normal experience. Read article here.

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Stigma and discrimination in people suffering with a mood disorder: a cross-sectional study.

Lazowski, L., Koller, M., Stuart, H., & Milev, R. (2012). Depression Research and Treatment, vol.2012, Article ID 724848, 9 pages.
This study characterizes the extent to which individuals with bipolar disorder and depression are stigmatized, determines factors related to higher levels of stigmatization, and assesses the reliability of the Inventory of Stigmatizing Experiences amongst people with a mood disorder. Read article here.

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