Research - Family Members

Family Rejection as a Predictor of Suicide Attempts and Substance Misuse Among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Adults

Klein, A. and Golub, SA (2016). LGBT Health, 3(3): 193-200.

This study evaluated the role of families and their acceptance of transgender people to determine risk factors of depression, suicide and substance abuse. Read article here.

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Psychiatric Illness and Family Stigma

Phelan, Jo C.; Bromet, Evelyn J.; and Link, Bruce G. (1998). Schizophrenia Bulletin 24 (1): 115-126.

Half of the family members studied reported concealing their relative’s hospitalization for mental illness to some degree, based on perceived stigma.  Read abstract here.

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Stigma as a barrier to recovery: The extent to which caregivers believe most people devalue consumers and their families

Struening, E. L., Perlick, D. A., Link, B. G., et al (2001) . Psychiatric Services, 52, 1633– 1638.

Caring for someone with a serious mental illness can be distressing, and may be harmful to health and injurious to one’s quality of life. When those caregivers don’t feel support, or do feel judgment from their community, the negative effects are compounded. The authors suggest that developing interventions to yield more supportive and understanding communities would be worthwhile. Read abstract here.

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The experience of caregiving for severe mental illness: a comparison between anorexia nervosa and psychosis

Treasure, J., Murphy, T., Szmukler, T., Todd, G., Gavan, K., Joyce, J. (2001). Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 36, 7: 343-347.

Guilt and shame contributed to the burden on caregivers to people with anorexia nervosa and severe nervosa, with a higher burden on caregivers to people with the eating disorder. Read abstract here.



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Embarrassment when illness strikes a close relative: A World Mental Health Survey Consortium multi-site study

Ahmedani, BK, Kubiak, SP, Kessler, RC et al. (2013.) Psychological Medicine; 43:10, 2191-2202.

Family members of people with alcohol, drug, or mental health conditions experience higher levels of embarrassment compared to family members of people with general medical conditions. This research suggests that interventions addressing stigma experienced by family members with alcohol, drug or mental health conditions may be needed to overcome obstacles for early intervention and treatment. Read abstract here. 

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