Stigma in patients with rectal cancer: a community study
L D MacDonald and H R Anderson (1984). Journal of Epidemiology of Community Health; 38(4): 284–290.
Half of patients with rectal cancer reported feeling stigmatized, with more so from those who had a permanent colostomy. Stigma had higher correlation with poor health, particularly emotional disorders, the presence of other medical problems, and with disablement. Higher SES did not result in lower levels of stigma. Read article here.
Public attitudes about lung cancer: stigma, support, and predictors of support
Weiss, J., Stephenson, BJ., Edwards, LJ., Rigney, M., and Copeland, A. (2014). Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare; 7: 293–300. DOI: 10.2147/JMDH.S65153.
Efforts against lung cancer are best when targeted toward people who are employed, live in suburbia, and to be unsure of the cause of lung cancer. The supporters are more likely to be employed, female, younger, have higher income, to believe that genetics is the primary cause of lung cancer, and to believe that lung cancer can be cured when caught early. Read article here.
Knapp, Sarah; Marziliano, Allison, and Moyer, Anne (2014). Health Psychology Open;1, 1
While stigma related to cancer has diminished in recent decades, the authors assert that their adapted model incorporates a person’s attributions, responses to situational threat, and disease/treatment characteristics to predict how a person tolerates stigma. Read article here.
Cancer and facial disfigurement: reducing survivors’ stigma in social interaction
Bonanno A, and Esmaeli B, (2012). Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing;16(2):153-9.
Survivors of cancer with tumors around the eye area (peri/orbital cancer) often have facial differences after the tumor/s are removed. The authors conducted a qualitative study to assess the social interaction leading to stigma in this population, as well as the experiences of their family members. Interactions with strangers were observed and named (intrusion, sympathy, and benign neglect) and how they do/don’t foster stigma. The authors also identified ways to manage stigma. Read abstract here.