Coping with Islamophobia: The effects of religious stigma on Muslim minorities’ identity formation
Kunst, JR, Tajamal, H., Sam, DL, and Ulleberg, P. (2012.) International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36(4):518–532.
This cross-sectional study examined direct and indirect effects of different forms of religious stigma on the national affiliation of 210 Norwegian-Pakistani and 216 German-Turkish Muslims. Read abstract here.